UPDATE: Many thanks to the great volunteers and contributors, https://close1d2.org is fully funded & staffed for six full years until December 31, 2024. This is a marathon NOT a sprint!

Many thanks to A2 Hosting an Ann Arbor, Michigan company with excellent support staff & great performance!

a successful democracy requires
an informed & educated populace
whose voices are all heard!

A true measure of any group is how they respect the Health, Safety, and Welfare of the most vulnerable populations . . .

[NOTE: 2019 Week 42 Monday October 14, 2019 thru Sunday October20, 2019]

2019 Week 42 Monday October 14, 2019 thru Sunday October20, 2019.
From: Monday April 10, 2017 to: Monday October 14, 2019 it has been 917 days, or 2 years 6 months 4 days, or 30 months 4 days, or 131 weeks since contacting Local, County, and State officials.

Taxpayers demand Michigan Lawmakers & Elected Officials remove all helicopters and airplanes from our Canton Township and Plymouth Township Michigan neighborhoods, near our homes & our schools.

MDOT has betrayed the public trust by promoting and protecting Special Interests & Industry Lobbyist agendas, wasting tax payer dollars, and withholding vital information regarding health, safety, and welfare of vulnerable populations include pregnant women, babies, and school children.

MDOT, Special Interests, & Industry Lobbyists have misled, misrepresented, obscured, hidden, and outright lied to taxpayers about Public Health, Safety, & Welfare dangers from these helicopters and airplanes.

  • Two people dead, Air filter found displaced in fatal Michigan plane crash
  • 3 People Dead, 3 Critically Injured, Deadliest on Record in Lansing Michigan. (People)(DetroitNews)(LansingStateJournal)(USAToday)
  • Seven Killed, many critically injured in World War II-Era Plane Crash. Nobody should be be flying 70-year-old planes! (USAToday)(WSJ)(YouTube)(WBUR)(LATimes)(ChicagoTrib)(Courant)(People)(Time)
  • Helicopter wheel falls through ceiling of Home, Owner says she’s ‘been dreading this’ (ChicagoSun)
  • Air show 2019: Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) Snowbird plane crashes during Atlanta air show (AAS). Pilot forced to eject from aircraft shortly before air show performance, aircraft crashed in an area with huge plumes of smoke behind shocked onlooker’s homes. The rest of the annual air show cancelled following the crash. Video show fiery crash site miles away from air strip. – (CBSNews) (11Alive) (WSBTV) (Wikipedia)
  • Plane propeller cuts off woman’s arm and foot in grisly accident | (MiamiHerald) (OrlandoSentinel) (ABCNews) (NYPost) (FOXNews)

The Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT) budget contains the largest single waste of taxpayer money in the history of Michigan all while Michigan students and schools are completely ignored and neglected.

  • Study: Michigan ranks last in school funding growth over 20 years (Crains)
  • Michigan ranked 44th nationally in higher education spending in 2019 (TheMichiganDaily)
  • Fewer students, tepid state funding roil Michigan public universities (BridgeMagazine)
  • States with the best (and worst) schools. Few state school systems report worse achievement metrics than Michigan.  (USAToday)
  • National Education Association (NEA) Rankings of the States 2018 and Estimates of School Statistics 2019, NEA Research April 2019 (PDF)

It is absolutely unconscionable, and embarrassing as residents that the State of Michigan has not made any public statement regarding Public Health, Safety, and Welfare regarding Tetraethyl Lead (TEL) Poisoning, Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) at Plymouth Canton School System (PCCS), nor has any other responsible authority for that matter!

The PCCS School Season began long ago and planes and helicopters are still buzzing in and out indiscriminately. The third-party contractor hired by the State of Michigan allows the right people to enjoy their Labor Day vacations and summer & fall time off flying over PCCS Schools and Plymouth and Canton Township neighborhoods. Hangar A2 is one such privileged hangar renter that gets the nod-nod wink-wink and enjoys toxic time over our schools and community. That is after this very well to do person’s additional extra or spare green car stored in the hangar is moved out the way, what a scam and insult to parents and taxpayers!

It’s all about the money, connections, Special Interests and Industry Lobbyist friends, family, contractors and MDOT employees. What a complete joke! The State of Michigan can’t seem to control this toxic Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 mess either, and continues to cater to these vindictive & vengeful clowns while the Health, Safety, and Welfare of our most vulnerable populations continues to be ignored, go figure.

The State Owned Hobby, Sport, Recreational Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 sneaky airplane and helicopter airstrip traffic continued for their summer and now fall vacations. Since there is NO “Closed” sign anywhere to be seen, for all intents and purposes 1d2 appears to be still “Open for Business” as usual, smugly and defiantly offering flying classes & training, helicopter & airplane rides, aviation rental storage units, and even boasting tours and class trip type visits for school age children. Wow, go figure!

Yes, the airstrip is still  “Open for business as usual”, flying classes still advertised, take-off & landing from 6:30am to 10:00pm, many less than 200 feet over dangerously close neighborhoods, homes, schools, and retirement, nursing & rehabilitation centers. Now a commercial entity that owns ~7 helicopters from Oakland/Troy Airport (VLL) is offering Helicopter rides & classes like a side show carnival, nobody seems to take this seriously at all.

This is easily shown in 3D radar data sets used in typical NTSB & FAA aircraft & helicopter accident & crash investigation & reconstruction, e.g. using data from FAA & USAF Joint Surveillance System (JSS) RADAR station at Geddes & Michigan avenue (4.76 mi, 7.65 km, 4.13 nmi from 1d2) used for DTW, YIP, and others. See J-62, Z-397, Canton, MI, ARSR-4, 42°16′36″N 083°28′27″W, EADS, AGL Great Lakes. Or FAA Terminal Radar Approach Control Facilities (TRACON) Detroit LocID D21. The only people these morons at 1d2 are fooling is themselves!

The whole month of July – September was “open for business as usual” with the regular cast or morons including N1522VN17177,  N94891N99MQ, and N6902T. However, more troubling is N992CP Civil Air Patrol [CAP] and N513RS Yankee Air Museum [YAM] [YAM], both performing prohibited dangerous touch-n-go’s on a tiny airstrip directly over schools, homes, and the many local assisted care living & rehabilitation facilities! What a sad state of affairs, it’s people at companies and organizations like these that are the perfect example why “we can’t have nice things!

The Civil Air Patrol Inc, 105 S Hansell ST, Maxwell AFB Alabama 36112 (CAP) [Facebook] [Michigan Wing] (Satellite) [DOD Maxwell-Gunter AFB] [Facebook] seems to endorse, condone, support, sponsor, and or otherwise approve of Lead Poisoning of vulnerable populations like nearby school kids and the entire community with clowns like N992CP (Monday July 8, 2019 10:65am) at Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 airstrip. CAP is a non-governmental non-profit organization that many believe has lost their respect along the way, e.g. many make comments like “Looking back, it didn’t really benefit in any way, and the grown up side is just a [pathetic] flight club for [arrogant] people that want to pretend they are/were military.” It’s no surprise Why CAP Members Are Leaving either, while there are some good people left, the local  groups seem to be stuck with some of the “bottom of the barrel” seen in their frequent lapses in management decisions and judgment. Quite disturbing, sad and very disappointing . . .

The Yankee Air Museum (YAM) obviously has some problems of their own, don’t think they need increased bad press with jerks like Red WACO Biplane N513RS on July 6, 2019 between 12:00 Noon and 12:30pm treating Canton Township neighborhoods  to an Oshkosh like thrill show, demonstrating reckless, careless, erratic, aerobatic flight maneuvers [AOPA] [FAA] [US GPO] [eCFR], swooping unnecessarily low over neighborhoods, extreme changes of altitude, speed, with obviously observable unsafe and dangerous flight characteristics, that easily appear on local FAA Air Traffic Control radar [ATC], over many homes, close PCCS schools, and assisted care living & rehabilitation facilities. The FAA [FAA] cannot seem to manage or control ANY of these out of control clowns, and neither can MDOT or even the State of Michigan!

These clowns really believe they are “above the law” and can do whatever they want whenever they want and continue to give the surrounding communities the big middle finger!

MDOT does not seem to care or can’t control anything at this airstrip. What a complete waste of taxpayer dollars. There is zero sense of urgency, Michigan residents deserve better!

Mission Statement

NOTE: The single mission of close1d2.org is to eliminate Lead Poisoning of children in PCCS Schools and Plymouth & Canton neighborhoods from 100LL Leaded Aviation Fuel used at State of Michigan MDOT owned Hobby, Sport, Recreational – Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 airport!

This site is NOT against Aerospace & Defense, love of country, or patriotism by any means. Lead Poisoning of children has nothing to do with any of these topics!  On the contrary, we salute the many fine Airmen & Airwomen protecting our country every single day! Some of the close1d2.org volunteers & contributors thrive in the excitement of the Aerospace & Defense Industry! Please see About page for further information.

U.S. National Lead Poisoning Prevention Week (NLPPW) (pdf) was October 21, 2018 thru October 27, 2018.

  • Tell MDOT to STOP poisoning our children with 100LL leaded aviation fuel NOW!
  • Tell the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services  (MDHHS) Childhood Lead Exposure Elimination Commission (CLEEC) to STOP the MDOT Lead Poisoning of children NOW!
  • Tell Governor Whitmer to STOP MDOT from lead poisoning our children NOW!

April / May 2019 Update: Survey & Soil Boring Activities at Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 airstrip and May 9, 2019 MDOT Response

Throughout April / May 2019 what appears to be a full topographical survey and many precisely located soil borings were conducted at Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 airstrip. Many in the community were hoping this was the start of environmental brownfield planning and development for a sustainable green space for the entire surrounding community. But tragically, that is NOT the case. Here is the reply from MDOT standing firmly and sadly behind antiquated FAA leaded aviation fuel rules: MDOT May 9, 2019 Response regarding decades old common knowledge and well known facts in the aviation and aerospace industry, and was totally expected from a subjective biased source. MDOT might be legally protected (CYA), but ethically and morally MDOT sure is lacking and in complete denial.

This site strongly disagrees with decades old FAA & EPA rules (and MDOT hiding behind them) and related Federal gridlock to change specifications that everyone in aviation and aerospace industries knows are inaccurate and woefully out of date with respect to Health, Safety, and Welfare of nearby vulnerable populations. Many medical, governmental, professional, and technical facts and opinions to the contrary are presented here regarding 100LL leaded aviation fuel which is a serious problem for anyone near it, period. MDOT please do your best to join the 21stcentury with respect to 100LL lead exposure, especially with regards to the three very close schools!

“All of the EPA [FAA] lead standards are grossly inadequate and need to be updated to respect the science of ‘no safe level’ of lead exposure [CDC]. Only then will we as a nation [State] be able to fully protect the potential of our children from this preventable neurotoxin.”

Every effort will made to get the MDOT Lead Testing results and the defined tolerances for human exposure, including those used for vulnerable populations such as children, that were used for measurement and comparison. See MDOT Toxic Emissions Inventory at Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 for details.

However, the independent testing was done by what appears to be the closest approved / contracted, and a respected engineering company just doing their job for MDOT:

The C&S Companies [LinkedIn][Facebook] [Twitter] – Quality Engineering, Architectural, and Construction Services with offices located at: 38777 Six Mile Rd. Suite 202, Livonia, MI 48152, +1-734-953-2571.

The C&S Companies recently handled the Detroit Metro Runway 4L-22R Rehabilitation. C&S also handles many Environmental projects that help transform blighted properties into integral, vibrant parts of a community, catalyzing revitalization of entire neighborhoods. With specialization in brownfield planning and development, helping individuals, municipalities, and corporations tackle even the most vexing brownfield and contaminant issues. The C&S team’s brownfield expertise includes:

  • Area-wide and site-specific brownfield planning
  • Phase I/II Environmental Site Assessments
  • Site and remedial investigation
  • Remedial evaluations and cost estimating
  • Remediation oversight
  • Public outreach

C&S has conducted a number of successful brownfield projects, ranging from small gas stations to large abandoned industrial sites. Their team of engineers, geologists, biologists, and planners have significant technical expertise that allows them to understand the issues inherent in brownfield redevelopment projects and give insight into the regulatory and administrative framework of the various state and federal brownfields programs. They also provide site layout, planning, and conceptual future development for brownfield redevelopment projects. The C&S Companies avidly support Sustainability (pdf), and are members of The American Council of Engineers, New York Section (ACEC NY).

Governor Whitmer will be attending the 2018 Michigan Infrastructure Conference (MIC)(details), jointly hosted by the American Council of Engineering Companies (ACEC) [Wikipedia] of Michigan (ACEC MI) and the Michigan (ASCE MI) Section of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) [Wikipedia].

2018 Michigan Infrastructure Report Card

The ASCE Michigan Section released the 2018 Infrastructure Report Card for Michigan in March. The report covers 13 categories of infrastructure including: aviation, bridges, dams, drinking water, energy, navigation, rail, roads, schools, solid waste, stormwater, transit and wastewater. The report card for the State of Michigan was rated a totally embarrassing summary  D+!

Michigan Infrastructure | ASCE’s 2018 Infrastructure Report Card
Full 2018 Michigan Infrastructure Report Card (html) summary D+
2018 Report Card for Michigan’s Infrastructure Executive Summary (pdf)
2018 Report Card for Michigan’s Infrastructure Full Report (pdf)

As Beverly Watts [Detroit Riverfront Conservancy] who is Director of Public Services that includes the Environmental Services Group for Wayne County, and served on former Gov. Rick Snyder’s 21st Century Infrastructure Commission states in Crain’s Detroit Wayne County running out of Band-Aids for local roads (html) that “what’s scariest is that most people still don’t understand how dramatically the rate of deterioration is outpacing investment. People tell me every day how poor the roads are in Southeast Michigan, and they are right. But they don’t realize just how quickly they will get worse, requiring major reconstruction, or how much more expensive it becomes each year we fail to invest adequately.”

MDOT seems to need help from the State of Michigan, Wayne County, and Local elected officials and agencies to invest taxpayer dollars in long term sustainable, community friendly, transportation infrastructure NOT Hobby, Sport, Recreational Canton Mettetal 1d2 airstrip for a handful of well to do people. Aside from the many Health, Safety, and Welfare related issues (MDOT is really in denial) at 1d2 airstrip, spending any tax dollars to keep the 1d2 airstrip in operation is not only outrageous, but should be embarrassing for the entire Southeast Michigan Region!

Internet Blocking: Is It Embarrassment, Shame, Censorship, Politics, Or?

Due to increased traffic volumes some sites referenced below are now blocking (geo-block) access to their web site content. It is unclear if this is due to small infrastructure overload (sorry), embarrassment or shame, or political sensitivity [Political] [Facebook] [Chamber] [Political] regarding negative press that might scare away businesses, or just plain censorship to otherwise obscure, conceal, or even hide the truth about Lead Poisoning.

Blocking access for any of these reasons is pretty dumb in this day and age. Limiting access almost never works in the long run. Except by despots and dictators in third world autocracies. Listed below are the sites, their phone numbers, and email addresses so the public can call/send email to ask them “why can’t the Internet access important, relevant, and related content to PCCS School information as it relates to Child Lead Poisoning?” If you click the links below and the site does NOT respond within seconds, you are being blocked! NOTE: there are many links on this site related to the sites below that were previously blocked.

This should be embarrassing for all residents of the City of Plymouth and Plymouth Township. Why is there a need to block access to information about the place you live and the schools our children attend from public view. It’s time to ask your elected officials just that question! Very sad and disappointing behavior for such a great area.

City of Plymouth Michigan
201 S. Main
Plymouth, MI 48170
http://www.ci.plymouth.mi.us/or  http://plymouthmi.gov/
Paul Sincock, City Manager, psincock@ci.plymouth.mi.us
+1-734-453-1234 x203
Oliver Wolcott, Mayor, owolcott@ci.plymouth.mi.us
+1-734-453-1234 x265

Plymouth Township offices
9955 N. Haggerty Rd, Plymouth, MI 48170
Kurt Heise, Supervisor, supervisor@plymouthtwp.org, +1-734-354-3201

Plymouth-Canton Community Schools (PCCS)
454 S Harvey St, Plymouth, MI 48170
Monica Merritt, Superintendent of Schools, Monica.Merritt@pccsk12.com

Plymouth Voicecontact (a small newspaper of the Associated Newspapers of Michigan, small budget/servers that might not handle the traffic, sorry) [Plymouth Voice]

Additionally, blocking information is NOT fair to Businesses interested in coming to the area as they are more sensitive than ever to lead and chemical contamination of schools and neighborhoods and are very concerned with sustainability or the lack thereof for the benefit of their employees, business surroundings, and general public exposure.

And it is NOT fair to businesses that are already here and want the world to know with certainty that their children, schools, businesses and their Health, Safety, and Welfare are secured by Local, County, and State governments.

This includes many businesses already located in the area, which are some of the largest in Canton Plymouth area, and Wayne County such as:

  • Rivian – [Ford Motor Company] [Patch] [Detroit News] [Detroit Free Press] [CarMagazine] [DailyDetroit] [Wired] [Fox2] [Plymouth Voice] [InsideEVs] [USAToday]
  • Webasto / Webasto Group – [MEDC] [MEDC] [DetroitNews] [WWJ] [PlymouthCoC]. Webasto Roof Systems Expands Manufacturing Complex in Plymouth Charter Township, Michigan – Area Development. The project is expected to generate a capital investment of almost $48 million and create 441 new jobs, resulting in a $2.7 million Michigan Business Development Program grant (pdf) [Mackinac Center] (pdf) [Michigan Auditor General] (pdf). In addition Plymouth Charter Township is supporting the project with a 50-percent Industrial Facilities Tax Exemption for up to 12 years. “Webasto has been a great long-time employer in Michigan. We look forward to them expanding their presence in Michigan with the addition of a major new facility in Wayne County,” said Wayne County Executive Warren C. Evans.
  • Robert Bosch Plymouth Township Technical Center
  • Yazaki NA HQ (one of the largest employers in Canton)
  • Absopure Water Co (Corporate| Canton) 7900 Haggerty Rd, Canton, MI 48187, +1-800-499-9938, is Less than 830 meters from Lead Poisoning from Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 airstrip as shown on google Satellite map. Their second location, Absopure Fresh Brew Coffee Services (home), 8845 General Dr, Plymouth, MI 48170, +1-616-455-5700, is less than 230 meters Lead Poisoning from Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 airstrip as shown on google Satellite map.
  • The Henry Ford Health System (home) announced it would redevelop the site formerly occupied by Kmart at 40855 Ann Arbor Road near Haggerty Road into a 120,000-square-foot Outpatient Medical Center in Plymouth Township Michigan. The location is dangerously less than 1.5km from Tetraethyl Lead Poisoning from State Owned Hobby, Sport, Recreational, Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 airstrip (GoogleMaps)!
    • New Plymouth Township Michigan Medical Center | Henry Ford Health System – Detroit, MI – 40855 Ann Arbor Road, Plymouth MI 48170 (html)
    • Henry Ford Health System | Henry Ford Health System – Detroit, MI (html)
    • Henry Ford Medical Center – Plymouth | Henry Ford Health System – Detroit, MI – 14300 N Beck Rd, Plymouth, MI 48170 (html)
    • Henry Ford Medical Center – Canton | Henry Ford Health System – Detroit, MI – 6100 N Haggerty Rd, Canton, MI 48187 (html)
    • Blog | Henry Ford LiveWell (html)
  • and many others including UM Health, Beaumont, Hella Electronics Corporation, and PCCS Schools (one of the largest employers in Wayne County serving over 18,000 families) [Youtube], etc.

It should be noted that once informed with the true medical, scientific, and technological facts regarding lead poisoning at Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 are exposed, NOBODY, including those in the technical community, such as librarians, teachers, engineers, police, firefighters, doctors, nurses, technicians, software developers, professors, and scientists, want to live & raise a family, workshop, or attend Special Events near any lead and chemical contamination and poisoning.

Special Events Close to Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 Lead Poisoning in the Canton Plymouth Area for 2019

Plymouth Fall Festival

Friday, September 6, 2019 – 12:00 PM to 10:00 PM
Saturday, September 7, 2019 – 7:00 AM to 10:00 PM
Sunday, September 8, 2019 – 8:00 AM to 6:00 PM
Please see the awesome Plymouth Fall Festival Guidebook for more details.

Please Visit WWW.DOWNTOWNPLYMOUTH.ORG For More Information About Area Hotels, Delicious Restaurants, Wonderful Shopping and Fun Things To Do While Visiting The Plymouth Fall Festival at Kellogg Park in downtown Plymouth, MI!

Defiant (childish) Special Interests and Industry Lobbyist groups conduct many ongoing local airstrip spectacles & tantrums, e.g. Father’s Day Pancake Breakfast on Sunday June 16, 2019 (see matching 2018 spectacle), giving local schools, neighborhoods, & communities the middle finger by continued Tetraethyl Lead poisoning of vulnerable populations. MDOT or the State of Michigan won’t or can’t seem to do anything and don’t even seem interested in protecting residents Health, Safety, and Welfare!

Special Interests & Industry Lobbyist groups believe that by showing pictures of young children in airplanes & helicopters, usually their own or their friends, or merely mentioning the words scholarship or cadet provides some special dispensation or somehow magically justifies poisoning other people with Leaded 100LL Aviation Fuel Tetraethyl Lead. Is this how we set examples & teach young people to respect human health and other’s schools & communities? Fine examples of truly poor management judgment and decisions.

The Most Absurd, Outrageous, Unbelievable & Insulting MDOT Headlines of 2019

Ford Motor Company and Amazon Invest $1.3B in Nearby Plymouth Township Based Rivian, MDOT Ignores Over 1M Michigan Child Blood Lead Level (BLL) Results That Show Child Lead Poisoning, So Vindictive Special Interests & Industry Lobbyists Morons at MDOT Owned Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 Airstrip Throw Another “Fathers Day Pancake Breakfast” Celebration Using MDOT Resources Paid For With Local, State & Federal Tax Dollars!

The “Fathers Day Pancake Breakfast Lead Poisoning” event is located on State of Michigan (MDOT) owned Hobby, Sport, Recreational Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 airstrip property implying that MDOT and therefore the State of Michigan endorse, condone, support, sponsor, and or otherwise approve of Lead Poisoning. This is the same weekend as Canton Township Liberty Fest, Liberty Fest Run, and precedes the Concours d’Elegance of America.

It should be noted that fund raising for Plymouth Canton Schools PCCS High School Clubs & Sports activities, e.g. Computer Clubs, Pom-Pom Squads, Cheerleaders, or Debate Teams, etc. or any other fund raising for that matter, have never been allowed at State owned Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 facilities using the full resources, equipment, and manpower made available to Special Interests & Industry Lobbyists for many years at no charge and with zero cost sharing for State of Michigan owned assets, e.g. taxpayers pick up the tab.

These MDOT actions are highly irregular, misleading, fraudulent, discriminatory, and completely inappropriate and should be halted immediately in the interest of promoting and protecting the Health, Safety, and Welfare of our most vulnerable populations including nearby school children, babies, adolescents, families, nursing & pregnant mothers, retired & elderly at the many local assisted care living & rehabilitation facilities. The 2018 MDOT event affectionately called the “MDOT Lead Poisoning Carnival”, and it’s massive environmental impact are documented in detail, and the 2019 event will be the same!

BTW: the Special Interest / Industry Lobbyist funds raised are NOT available to the general public, e.g. kids who really need the money, these awards have only been made available to select handpicked friends and family of MDOT appointed 3rd party contractor, Special Interests  / Industry Lobbyists, or MDOT that meet criteria put forth to purposely limit the [phony] scholarships to meet their own biased criteria. Special Interest / Industry Lobbyist should do it the way the rest of us do AND pay for it themselves.

Other 2019 Special events for the Canton Plymouth area include:

The Canton Liberty Fest | Canton Township, MI – Official Website. The 2019 Canton Liberty Fest, sponsors include Beaumont, Community Financial, The Goddard SchoolIKEA, Sysco, and is hosted by Canton Township, Michigan, located at 1150 S Canton Center Road, Canton, MI 48188-1699, +1-734-394-5100. This is Canton’s 28th Annual Liberty Fest: and takes place from Thursday, June 13 thru Saturday, June 15, 2019.

The Canton Township Liberty Run takes place June 15, 2019,  sponsors include the Michigan Fitness Foundation, Absopure Corporate | Canton, Orange Theory Fitness, Running Fit, and Canton Liberty Fest.

The Concours d’Elegance 2019 coming to Plymouth reports the Plymouth VoiceConcours USA is located at 1728 Maplelawn Drive, Troy, Michigan 48084, +1-248-643-8645, [about], and sponsors the 2019 Concours d’Elegance of America event that will be held at the Inn at St. John’s in Plymouth Township, Michigan, which is located at 44045 Five Mile Road, Plymouth, MI 48170 [Visit Detroit] [Plymouth Chamber] [Catholic Archdiocese]. The event is held on the 2019 Concours weekend, which is July 26 thru July 28, 2019.

Executive Summary

There are #6 key takeaways regarding Lead Poisoning of the Canton Plymouth Community and PCCS Schools in this Executive Summary below. See Lead Poisoning page for more detailed supporting information.

# – 1 – PEW– The Health Impact Project, a collaboration of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and The Pew Charitable Trusts, produced a set of recommendations entitled 10 Policies to Prevent and Respond to Childhood Lead Exposure: An assessment of the risks communities face and key federal, state, and local solutions, August 30, 2017. The 144 page (pdf) report goes on to say that by “Eliminating lead from airplane fuel would protect more than 226,000 children born in 2018 who live near airports, generate $262 million in future benefits, and remove roughly 450 tons of lead from the environment every year.”

The report also goes on to say: “In 2012, the FAA estimated that phasing out leaded fuel would take 11 years. According to a recent federal task force report, the FAA is working to identify unleaded alternative fuels for most piston engine aircraft by 2018 [FAA delayed until mid-2020 described below], and under section 231 of the Clean Air Act, the EPA is evaluating whether lead emissions from aviation fuel “cause or contribute to air pollution that may reasonably be anticipated to endanger public health or welfare.” Based on the results of its investigation, the EPA could help to expedite the elimination of lead in aviation fuel by using its authority under the act to issue an “endangerment finding,” indicating that leaded aircraft fuel emissions are polluting and harmful to public health. Such a ruling would trigger the FAA to issue standards.

However, given the extremely protracted timelines for ANY federal action, the report suggests that states should take steps to address the problem directly, by, for example, requiring all general aviation airports to provide unleaded gas or establishing fees or taxes on airports serving piston engine aircraft to support the cleanup of the soil in parks, near homes, schools, and child care facilities.” The https://close1d2.org/lead-poisoning team suggests a far more expedient solution which is to promptly close an unneeded, unwanted, non-commercially viable State owned hobby/sport/recreational airstrip located in densely populated neighborhoods very close to many schools thereby eliminating the continuous stream of lead poisoning immediately and completely, saving money for the taxpayer at the same time.

# – 2 – Myths & Realities of Leaded Aviation Fuel, prepared by Center for Environmental Health for Friends of the Earth, funding provided by The New York Community Trust, reinforces the relationship between children’s blood lead levels and the proximity of their schools and homes to airports such as 1d2 that exclusively use 100LL leaded aviation fuel for all of the piston engine aircraft and helicopters based there. Lead is highly toxic and causes a variety of adverse health effects; at low exposure levels, it can cause learning disabilities, lower IQ levels, increased blood pressure and nerve damage; at high levels of exposure, it can lead to brain damage and death. Lead puts children at especially high risk because they absorb larger amounts and are more sensitive to lead-induced toxicity. Lead exposure presents a particular danger to the development of children’s nervous systems.

Additionally, many national and international groups, including the International Society for Environmental Epidemiology (ISEE), International Network for Epidemiology (IJPC-SE), plus many others, join the Call for Action for Global Control of Lead Exposure to Eliminate Lead Poisoning (html) (pdf) (Epidemiology).

# – 3 – Lancet Medical Journal – While many might view the Flint Water Crisis as a tragic but isolated incident, a recent study in the medical journal The Lancet, Low-level lead exposure and mortality in US adults (pdf) March 12, 2018, found that exposure to low levels of lead contributes to as many as 412,000 premature deaths of residents across the United States each year.

This figure is approximately 10 times higher than what previous studies suggested, and places premature death from lead exposure almost on a par with deaths caused by smoking, which takes 483,000 American lives each year. Heart disease and Cancer are the leading cause of deaths in Michigan. Around the world everyone is realizing Lead is even deadlier than we feared as the full extent of its toxic effects are revealed. However, people must realize that Fixing America’s costly lead problem could yield billions more in benefits.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), notes children are most susceptible to the harms of lead exposure; their developing bodies absorb the toxic chemical in higher amounts and their brains and nervous systems are more sensitive to lead. Lead exposure in children may cause developmental, behavioral, and learning problems, as well as anemia, hearing problems, and irreversible damage to almost all parts of their growing bodies.

The Lancet is a weekly peer-reviewed general medical journal. It is one of the world’s oldest and also one of the best known general medical journals. In the 2014 Journal Citation ReportsThe Lancet was ranked second among general medical journals, (with an impact factor of 45), after The New England Journal of Medicine (impact factor of 56).

# – 4 – The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Health hazard evaluation report #20042888  Exposures to LEAD and other metals at an aircraft repair and flight school facility (pdf) found that:

  • Tetraethyl Lead [toxnet manual search]  dust was found on toys and a baby walker in the work area.
  • Lead was detected in blood samples collected from all facility personnel. The hangar area had the highest surface concentrations of lead; lead was also found on the steering wheel of an employee’s car.
  • Employees should use disposable shoe covers and on-site laundering for work clothes to reduce the potential for take-home lead contamination. Investigators also advised that children not be allowed in work areas. Employees were encouraged to wash their hands thoroughly before eating and drinking, before and after putting on gloves, and before leaving the facility.
  • Do not eat or drink in the hangar area.
  • In homes with a family member exposed to lead, care must be taken to prevent “take home” of lead, that is, lead carried into the home on clothing, skin, hair, and in vehicles. Lead-contaminated surface dust represents a potential source of lead exposure, particularly for young children.
  • NOTE: keep in mind the CDC has since eliminated the term “blood lead level of concern” used in this report and declared there is NO safe level of lead in children’s blood.

A related May 2003 (!) Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University [wikipedia] thesis Controlling Lead Exposure During the Process of Cleaning Aviation Spark Plugs (html) (pdf) explores controlling the lead bromide particulate matter after it is removed from the spark plug electrode. Various control methods and/or procedural changes are discussed that may be employed to control the spread of lead bromide dust throughout the shop environment and the prevention of employee exposure to lead.

# – 5 –  OSHA Safety Data Sheets (SDS) & American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Specs show LEADED 100LL aviation fuel is NOT like automobile gas at all, it’s Tetraethyl Lead [toxnet manual search] mixed with many other toxic chemicals!

100LL leaded aviation fuel, or avgas, is also known as 100 octane aviation fuel, is a petroleum based fuel designed for reciprocating aircraft and helicopter engines. 100LL leaded aviation fuel adheres to ASTM Specification D 910, and contains 2.12 grams of Tetraethyl Lead [toxnet manual search] per gallon. Again, 100LL leaded aviation fuel contains many toxic chemical additives and is NOT like automobile gasoline at all. It’s a synthetic blend of chemicals, including xylenetoluenebenzene, & tetraethyl lead. The toxicity hazards of these additive chemicals are well documented.

# – 6 – FAA and EPA Delay Process of Identifying and Mandating Unleaded Fuel Alternative for Piston Engine Aircraft & Helicopters, June 21, 2018.

An update on the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) website indicates that the 2018 date for identifying an unleaded fuel alternative for piston engine aircraft has now been delayed. Per the FAA, “Based on current projected activities and timelines, the testing completion date for the PAFI program will be mid-2020.” See Aviation Gasoline: Unleaded Avgas Progress Update for details regarding toxic tetraethyl lead used in 100LL aviation fuel.

NOTE: FAA delays were originally: announced June 4, 2018 – push December 2018 to December 2019, now announced September 7, 2018 – push December 2019 to mid-2020!

Additionally, Regulations for Lead Emissions from Aircraft from the EPA based on  Endangerment Findings on Lead Emissions from Aircraft fuel has been postponed by the current administration in Washington.

The EPA originally scheduled to issue a proposed finding on the question of endangerment in 2017. This proposed finding would then undergo public notice and comment. After evaluating comments on the proposal, the EPA had plans to issue a final determination in 2018. It remains uncertain as to if and when this action will be pursued.

The use of unleaded aviation fuel cannot be mandated until an endangerment finding by the EPA is issued. NOTE:  this means that for the foreseeable future, certainly years, the Plymouth-Canton Mettetal 1d2 airstrip, aircraft, and helicopters have free reign to continue subjecting vulnerable populations to the toxic effects of lead pollution from 100LL aviation fuel.

See Lead Poisoning page for more detailed supporting information.
See UPDATE: May 2019 – PCCS Schools Still Being Covered with 1d2 Lead Dust for additional supporting information.

It’s interesting to note, that there does not seem to be ANY objective taxpayer voice at 1d2 Canton Plymouth Mettetal at all, everyone is a third party contractor, friends or family of a third party contractor or MDOT employee, and/or a member of one or more Special Interest or Industry Lobbyist groups that do not seem to prioritize the Health, Safety, and Welfare of the schools and community at all, go figure.

Protect the PCCS Schools & Canton Plymouth Community from Lead Poisoning

The State of Michigan has a responsibility to the taxpayers to shut down 1d2 & MI79 to Protect the Health, Safety, & Welfare of the community, densely populated neighborhoods, and schools from lead poisoning, especially the schools that are close and have many students, including Hulsing Elementary, Plymouth Christian Academy, East Middle School, Smith Elementary, and Plymouth Canton Educational Park (PCEP) described below.

  • Hulsing Elementary School 8055 Fleet St., Canton, MI  48187 (Directly across the street, ~200 meters, ~270 steps from 1d2 Mettetal lead poisoning!)
  • Plymouth Christian Academy, 43065 Joy Rd, Canton, MI 48187 (Directly across the street, ~190 meters,  ~248 steps from 1d2 Mettetal lead poisoning!)
  • East Middle School 1042 South Mill St., Plymouth, MI  48170 (Just down the street, ~950 meters, ~1230 steps from 1d2 Mettetal lead poisoning!). Google satellite shows East Middle School [Facebook] with over 75 – 100 PCCS school busses parked next to playground area, which is only 450m from Fairground Park [Facebook], and 850m from Kellogg Park Music in the Park [Arts] [City] [Concerts] [DDA] [Facebook], Downtown Plymouth [Facebook] [Twitter] [PureMI], and other Plymouth Michigan Parks & Events [Events] [Parks] [PureMI] [Weddings].
  • Smith Elementary School 1298 McKinley St., Plymouth, MI  48170 (Just down the street, ~1500m, ~2040 steps from 1d2 Mettetal lead poisoning!)
  • Plymouth Canton Educational Park (PCEP), and the three High schools located there which is just down the street, ~2300m, ~3100 steps from 1d2 Mettetal lead poisoning.

Hulsing Elementary School – 8055 Fleet St., Canton, MI  48187 Directly across the street, ~200 meters, ~270 steps from 1d2 Mettetal lead poisoning

Hulsing Elementary School Google Maps (street|satellite) views show the hobby, sport, recreational Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 airstrip in the lower right and also shows Plymouth Christian Academy, East Middle Schools, Smith Elementary, and PCEP, all in very close proximity, obviously these schools are too dangerously close to toxic lead poisoning from 1d2 Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 airstrip.

It’s 2019, Didn’t the State of Michgan Learn Anything from Flint Lead Poisoning Debacle?

According to the EPA Lapses at all levels of government made the Flint Lead Poisoning crisis worse. The EPA needed to act more quickly. Even though the medical, scientific, and technological problems of lead poisoning are clear, government, at all levels, are still slow, don’t act at all, and get caught in the ‘analysis-paralysis’ of ‘whom is responsible’ loop hoping the problem will go away. Recognizing Lead Poisoning for what it is, constitutes a failure at all levels of government, including Local, County, and State showing severe management gaps and weaknesses. Canton Plymouth Mettetal 2018 1d2 Lead Poisoning appears to be just like the Flint Lead Poisoning Debacle all over again.

After the Flint Lead Poisoning debacle the EPA must strengthen lead poisoning oversight.“EPA needs to learn from Flint and this report,” said Mona Hanna-Attisha, the Flint pediatrician whose research in late 2015 first documented dangerously high lead levels in children’s blood. “All of the EPA lead standards are grossly inadequate and need to be updated to respect the science of ‘no safe level’ of lead exposure. Only then will we as a nation be able to fully protect the potential of our children from this preventable neurotoxin.”

Mona Hanna-Attisha [bio], who is director of pediatric residency at Hurley Children’s Hospital, is leading a group of experts including pediatricians, epidemiologists, developmental specialists, toxicologists, educators, geographers and county and state health officials. She went further to state “We cannot sit back and wait 20 years to see the consequences of lead poisoning in our schools and in our criminal justice system.”

Virginia Tech engineering professor Marc Edwards, a national authority whose Lead tests exposed the extent of Flint’s lead poisoning, told The Washington Post (2016, 2018): “People have realized they’ve been lied to, and EPA knew about this, and the state knew about this. What you really have as it spun out of control is a total loss of trust in government, which failed [residents] miserably. They don’t believe a word that anyone tells them.” Wow, this is starting to sound really familiar . . .

Marc Edwards surely knows and understands the importance of truth-seeking for scientists and engineers first hand. Professor Marc Edwards has received the Scientific Freedom and Responsibility Award, and been honored as Virginia Tech’s University Distinguished Professor, additionally the EPA has provided a $1.9 million grant to  research lead poisoning where residents are struggling to get help from their governments.

Sadly, new accounting figures from July 2018 show the State of Michigan has spent nearly $25 million on attorneys handling cases involving the Flint lead crisis. Some of this money could have been better spent to protect  the Health, Safety, and Welfare of babies, young children, students, families, nursing & pregnant mothers, retired & elderly at the many local assisted care living & rehabilitation facilities from Lead Poisoning by aircraft & helicopters using 100LL Leaded Aviation Fuel at Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 airstrip & Helicopter MRO MI79.

Official EPA Reports Regarding Flint Lead Poisoning Debacle

The official EPA reports are available here:

EPA OIG finds management weaknesses delayed response to Flint water crisis
Recommends strengthening Safe Drinking Water Act oversight, revising Lead and Copper rule, July 19, 2018

Report: Management Weaknesses Delayed Response to Flint Water Crisis | EPA’s Office of Inspector General | US EPA

Management Weaknesses Delayed Response to Flint Water Crisis, Report at a Glance (pdf) (1 pg, 50 K)

Management Weaknesses Delayed Response to Flint Water Crisis, Report at a Glance, Full Report (pdf) (74 pp, 1 MB)

Environmental Health Perspectives A Decade Old

Environmental Health Perspectives (ISSN 1552-9924 and ISSN-L 0091-6765) is a monthly open access journal published with support from the National Institute of Environmental Health SciencesNational Institutes of HealthU.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

As previously mentioned, Lead Poisoning from leaded 100LL aviation fuel is common knowledge and is well known in the aviation industry for over a decade! Here are two from many examples worth noting, one from 2011 and another 2008, a full decade ago!

-1- Research | Environmental Health Perspectives | Vol. 119, No. 10, A Geospatial Analysis of the Effects of Aviation Gasoline on Childhood Blood Lead Levels (pdf), First Published:13 July 2011, that notes:

  • Blood lead screening data were available for 125,197 children in the study counties, including 13,478 children living within 2,000 m of an airport.
  • The analysis indicates that living within 1,000 m of an airport where leaded aviation fuel 100LL is used has a significant effect on blood lead levels in children.
  • The results further suggest that the impacts of avgas are highest among those children living closest to the airport.
  • NOTE: keep in mind the CDC has since eliminated the term “blood lead level of concern” used in this report and declared there is NO safe level of lead in children’s blood, as would be found within 2,000 m of an airport like Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 airstrip.

-2- Review | Environmental Health Perspectives | Vol. 116, No. 10, Lead Exposures in U.S. Children, 2008: Implications for Prevention (pdf), First Published:19 May 2008, that notes:

  • Not all sources of lead are listed in the U.S. EPA TRI. Some sources of lead poisoning such as Propeller aircraft using aviation gasoline (avgas) are [conveniently] exempt from reporting, fell below reporting quantities, or choose not to report; nonetheless, they can contaminate surrounding communities. For example, at one airport where many airplanes used avgas, average and maximum air lead levels were 0.030 and 0.302 μg/m3, respectively, versus background levels of 0.007 and 0.018 μg/m3 (Environment Canada 2000). Another study showed that even at an airport with few planes using avgas, air lead levels were higher downwind than upwind (Illinois Environmental Protection Agency 2002).
  • Lead binds tightly to soils, and eight decades of leaded gasoline combustion and past industrial emissions have left a legacy entrained in soil.
  • NOTE: keep in mind the CDC has since eliminated the term “blood lead level of concern” used in this report and declared there is NO safe level of lead in children’s blood.

Current Updates On Childhood Lead Poisoning

The Effect of Leaded Aviation Gasonline [sp] on Blood Lead in Children (pdf) by Associate Professor Shawn P. McElmurry (html), Wayne State University (WSU), Detroit, Michigan et al. First published in August 2014 right in the middle of the Flint Lead Poisoning crisis / debacle as it was unfolding. It certainly makes anyone wonder WHAT did then Governor Snyder, and now MDOT and MDHHS know and WHEN did they know it. Many in the community believe that this looks like part of the same or perhaps yet another attempted Lead Poisoning related coverup. As they say, when something walks like a duck, quacks like duck, and looks like a duck, it probably IS a duck. It is so surprising that highly respected Michigan based research results and reporting using official BLL data from over 1 million Michigan children (!) supplied by the State of Michigan would go unnoticed by so many for so long. Unfortunately, only the Michigan Attorney General Dana Nessel (MIAG) or maybe the Michigan Auditor General Doug Ringler (MAG) have the power and access required to really uncover the truth! This is way beyond our pay grade!

An updated version was published in the Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (home): Vol 4, No 2, April 11, 2017 (html) (https://doi.org/10.1086/691686).

To address an EPA request for more evidence, the authors constructed a novel dataset that links time and spatially referenced Blood Lead Level (BLL) data from 1,043,391 children to hundreds of nearby airports in Michigan, as well as a subset of airports with detailed data on the volume of piston-engine aircraft traffic. The Michigan Department of Community Health, Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Project [State of Michigan]  provided the blood Tetraethyl Lead data used in this study, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health & Society Scholars  Program (home) provided financial support. Additional Michigan Lead Poisoning Prevention resources [Wayne County] [Oakland County] [Washtenaw County] [Detroit] [Ingham County].

The evidence shows that Piston Engine Aircraft (PEA) (including helicopter) traffic imposes a substantially higher burden on children within 2 km of an airport, as compared to children living beyond 2 km of an airport. More precisely, the likelihood of a child’s BLL exceeding 5 μg/dL for a standard deviation in PEA traffic is higher for children residing <2km relative to children residing >2km from an airport. Additionally, damages from [exposure to Tetraethyl Lead and other chemicals] were calculated to be at least $10 per gallon, which can be compared to a pump price [at the time] of about $6 per gallon. BTW: 2 kilometers is over 6500 feet, this amounts to a moderate walk for ~20 minutes in any direction. Additionally, NOTE: that the CDC now states that there is NO safe BLL for Tetraethyl Lead in children, period!

An article in Clinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Volume 18, Issue 3, September 2017, Pages 181-192, An Update on Childhood Lead Poisoning (pdf), found that:

  • Children’s exposure to sources of lead contamination, including leaded 100LL aviation fuel (avgas) continues to be an important public health concern.
  • Lead has no biological role in the body, and any detectable lead level is abnormal.
  • There is indisputable scientific evidence that blood lead levels (BLL) below 10 µg/dL are associated with adverse effects in infants and children.
  • Each lead-exposed child costs an estimated $5600 in medical and special educational services.
  • Lead exposure-related cognitive impairments cost an estimated $50.9 billion annually in lost US economic productivity.
  • Studies of children with higher BLLs have consistently demonstrated lower IQ scores, more language difficulties, learning disorders, attention problems, and behavioral issues.

The American Academy of Pediatrics Council on Environmental Health, July 2016, VOLUME 138 / ISSUE 1, article Prevention of Childhood Lead Toxicity [PubMed] (pdf) found that:

  • Primary prevention should be the focus of policy on childhood lead toxicity.
  • Low-level lead exposure, even at blood lead concentrations below 5 μg/dL (50 ppb), is a causal risk factor for diminished intellectual and academic abilities, higher rates of neurobehavioral disorders such as hyperactivity and attention deficits, and lower birth weight in children.
  • No effective treatments ameliorate the permanent developmental effects of lead toxicity.
  • Still, in some communities, such as those surrounding airports, airborne lead is an important source of lead exposure. Airborne lead is ingested primarily after it settles in house dust and soil where children play. Current sources of airborne lead include piston engine aircraft . . .
  • The contributions of airborne lead to children’s blood lead concentrations are proportionately greater at the lower levels of exposure than at higher levels.

The Journal of the American Medical Association, March 28, 2017, Vol 317, No. 12, Pages 1191-1286, article by Reuben A, Caspi A, Belsky DW, et al., Association of Childhood Blood Lead Levels With Cognitive Function and Socioeconomic Status at Age 38 Years and With IQ Change and Socioeconomic Mobility Between Childhood and Adulthood, (pdf) JAMA. 2017;317(12): 1244–1251. (doi: 10.1001/jama.2017.1712) [PubMed][JAMA][NCBI] found that the devastating effects of childhood lead exposure could last a lifetime.

What makes this study stand out, however, is that children were found to experience long term harm after even modest levels of exposure. The conclusion was that childhood lead exposure was associated with lower cognitive function and socioeconomic status at age 38 years and with declines in IQ and downward social mobility. As the entire world seems to realize, the medical, scientific, and technological problems of lead poisoning are clear, childhood lead exposure, no matter how small, may certainly have long-term ramifications that are not obvious and observed immediately.

The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) [LinkedIn][twitter][Wikipedia] is a peer-reviewed medical journal published 48 times a year by the American Medical Association (AMA) [twitter][Wikipedia]. It publishes original research, reviews, and editorials covering all aspects of the biomedical sciences.

Plymouth Canton Community Schools (PCCS), Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Tetraethyl Lead (TEL) Poisoning Cause & Effect

Even the most simplistic “Cause and Effect” relationship of Tetraethyl Lead (TEL) Poisoning of vulnerable populations and its connection to Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is often overlooked and sometimes it even appears to be ignored [purposely] by Local, County, and State officials. This is even in light of the massive volume of accumulated medical and scientific evidence.

For instance it should be noted how the Alarming Increase in Autistic Students Creates Challenges for School Districts as reported in [HomeTownLife]. Locally, this means the Plymouth-Canton Community Schools (PCCS) District faces a staggering 47% increase in the number of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) students enrolled in the PCCS School District since 2010.

NOTE: Representative Matt Koleszar is hosting an Education Town Hall to provide an opportunity for parents and students to learn about legislative issues impacting our neighborhood schools.
When: Monday, Sept. 23, from 6:30 to 8 p.m.
Where: Eriksson Elementary, 1275 N. Haggerty Road in Canton (google map).

State Representative Matt Koleszar with Dr. Mona Hanna-Attisha

State Representative Matt Koleszar with Dr. Mona Hanna-Attisha, whose research exposed the Flint Water Debacle

Of course, the following abbreviated list represents just a tiny sampling and NOT an official or thorough survey of the tidal wave of accumulated medical and scientific evidence linking Tetraethyl Lead (TEL) Poisoning to Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD):

  • Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Lead Poisoning: Diagnostic Challenges and Management Complexities (html). Hauptman, M., Stierman, B., & Woolf, A. D. (2019). Clinical Pediatrics58(6), 605–612.  [PubMed html]. https://doi.org/10.1177/0009922819839237.
  • Baby Teeth Link Autism and Heavy Metals (html) 2017, NIH study suggests | National Institutes of Health (NIH).
    • Fetal and Postnatal Metal Dysregulation in Autism (html) (pdf) 2017 | Nature Communications.
  • Long-Lasting Effects of Childhood Lead Poisoning (html) 2017 – Consumer Reports.
  • Environmental Chemical Exposures and Neurodevelopmental Impairments In Children – Bellinger – Pediatric Medicine (html) (pdf) doi: 10.21037/pm.2018.11.03, Bellinger DC. Pediatr Med 2018;1:9.
  • Blood Lead Concentrations and Children’s Behavioral and Emotional Problems: A Cohort Study | Anxiety Disorders | JAMA Pediatrics | JAMA Network  (html) (pdfJAMA Pediatr. 2014;168(8):737-745. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.332, Journal American Medical Association (JAMA) (PubMed html) (PubMed pdf).
  • Childhood Lead Exposure and Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms: A Meta- Analysis, 2018, Walden University ScholarWorks, Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies Collection (pdf).
  • The Association between Lead and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Systematic Review, 2019, (html) (pdf) (PubMed html) (PubMed html) (PubMed pdf).
  • Screening for Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Children: A Systematic Review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force – PubMed – NCBI  (PubMed html). Evidence Synthesis Number 174. Prepared for: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality https://www.ahrq.gov. (PubMed html) (PubMed pdf) AHRQ Publication No. 18-05245-EF-1 April 2019.
  • Screening for Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Pregnant Women: A Systematic Review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force – PubMed – NCBI  (PubMed html). Evidence Synthesis Number 175, Prepared for: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality https://www.ahrq.gov. (PubMed html) (PubMed pdf) AHRQ Publication No. 18-05245-EF-2 April 2019.
  • Children and ADHD: What you need to know| MIBluesPerspectives (html). Michigan Blue Cross & Blue Shield, April 1, 2019. Despite extensive research, any exact cause(s) of ADHD is still inconclusive. However, evidence strongly suggests links to genetics and environmental factors such as lead poisoning. The latest Health of America Report (pdf) from Blue Cross Blue Shield has more data (xlsx) on ADHD and its growing impact on children and adolescents. Read the full report here, that presents statistics that everyone in Michigan should be concerned about.
  • Early Childhood Lead Exposure and Academic Achievement: Evidence from Detroit Public Schools, 2008–2010 (PubMed html) (PubMed pdf).
  • Lead (Pb) Toxicity: What Are the Physiologic Effects of Lead Exposure? (html) (pdf) | Center for Disease Control (CDC), Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) – Environmental Medicine & Environmental Health Education – Case Studies in Environmental Medicine (CSEM).
  • Lead poisoning – Symptoms and causes – Mayo Clinic (html). Lead poisoning occurs when lead builds up in the body, often over months or years. Even small amounts of lead can cause serious health problems. Children younger than 6 years are especially vulnerable to lead poisoning, which can severely affect mental and physical development.

It seems that when you put Tetraethyl Lead on pregnant women, babies, and school children, or any vulnerable populations for that matter, this is what happens. What are these people thinking? Tetraethyl Lead doesn’t disappear or go away by itself, right “Captain Obvious”?

Dayna Polehanki, Matt Koleszar, Melissa Daub

Labor Day Parade with State Senator Dayna Polehanki, State Representative Matt Koleszar, Wayne County Commissioner Melissa Daub

See more references on page “1 million Michigan Child BLLs Show MDOT Lead Poisoning Coverup” for further evidence directly linking Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Tetraethyl Lead (TEL) Poisoning.

When anyone sees the overwhelming mountain of medical and scientific evidence, it appears the only conclusion is that MDOT’s main purpose & sole mission is to promote & protect the MDOT Flying Club Special Interest & Industry Lobbyist Clique and NOT Michigan’s vulnerable populations, go figure.

Why Isn’t the State of Michigan Stopping the 2019 Lead Poisoning of PCCS Schools & Canton Plymouth Community from an Completely Unneeded State Owned Hobby, Sport, Recreational Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 Airstrip?

Wow it’s been over two Years! 24 months, 26 days, since demanding our State of Michigan Elected Officials and  Departments (#1 April 2017 & #2 September 2017 , #3 January 2019 to Governor Whitmer, #4 April 2019, more emails to be published soon) protect the Health, Safety, and Welfare of babies, young children, students, families, nursing & pregnant mothers, retired & elderly at the many local assisted care living & rehabilitation facilities from Lead Poisoning by aircraft & helicopters using 100LL Leaded Aviation Fuel at Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 airstrip & Helicopter MRO MI79.

Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 airstrip is still “Open for Business As Usual” for over two years. When is the State of Michigan going to take action to protect our vulnerable populations from MDOT Lead Poisoning?

There is NO end in sight and NO protection of the Health, Safety, and Welfare of PCCS Schools, Canton, Plymouth, and surrounding neighborhoods, and the community at large, including babies, young children, students, families, nursing & pregnant mothers, retired & elderly at the many local assisted care living & rehabilitation facilities!

See  UPDATE: May 2019 – PCCS Schools Still Being Covered with 1d2 Lead Dust for details

NOTE: Million $ Personal Helicopters, Staudacher S600F Professional Stunt Planes, Cirrus SR-22s starting at $539,000+, owners with multiple airplanes, it’s all about money and Special Interests & Industry Lobbyist influence enabled by MDOT – The Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT) at a State of Michigan (SoM) owned Hobby, Sport, Recreational Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 airstrip located in densely populated Canton & Plymouth neighborhoods & PCCS Schools at the expense of the Health, Safety, and Welfare (MDHSS) of the most vulnerable populations subjected to a continuous stream of Lead Poisoning. MDOT– the Michigan Department of Transportation, a State of Michigan Department that prioritizes their Hobby, Sport, Recreational activities while ignoring Community Health, Safety, and Welfare is not only unethical and shameful, it’s just plain disgusting, Michigan deserves better!

The unethical, greedy, self-centered, MDOT, Special Interest, and Industry Lobbyist actions are unfair to FAA budgets and cheat the other 25,000 airports all across the country that have legitimate budget requests and really require positive funding & support in their respective communities. Additionally, MDOT, Special Interests, Industry Lobbyists, and individual aircraft owners and pilots at Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 have betrayed the public trust, and have damaged the reputation and integrity of the Aviation, Aerospace, & Defense community at large with past & continued hostile, immature, selfish behaviors with total disregard of schools, neighborhoods, & community. A very sad waste of taxpayer hard earned dollars!

MDOT officials should be held accountable for the obvious, well known, common knowledge of foreseeable lead poisoning personal injury, property damage, and cleanup costs just as a Federal Judge reinstates previous Michigan Governor Rick Snyder as defendant as new evidence was presented that show many believe ‘He covered it up‘ as the Flint Lead Poisoning Debacle lawsuit proceeds. This new move now puts his personal wealth at risk.

It does not matter where the toxic lead comes from, Ann Arbor Public Schools are monitoring high lead levels in an effort to protect students, the Ann Arbor School System realizes that lead is toxic even at low levels of 5 parts per billion, why isn’t PCCS Schools and Plymouth & Canton monitoring for toxic lead to protect our students too regardless of where the lead originates? Ann Arbor school officials have immediately laid out a response plan for lead in schools.

Shortly after announcing the initial plan the Ann Arbor School System is quickly and wisely increasing the response to any child lead exposure levels. Most recently, the city of Ann Arbor has agreed to release information under Michigan’s FOIA law about past and present lead component locations that may require additional replacements due to potential lead contamination concerns. Ann Arbor is trying to stay ahead of the curve re water testing and filtering.

The demands for Community Protection under law are reasonable, & simple really:

  • Taxpayers demand protection of our schools & community from lead poisoning
  • Non-flying Taxpayers shouldn’t be forced to pay for several dozen well to do pilots to use Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 Airstrip as excess capacity exists more appropriately elsewhere all while taxpayers are forced to pay for Roads with a 20 year millage increase! This is after Canton Township siphoned $10 million from the township’s general fund — money that could have been better spent — to complement cash-strapped Wayne County, which has jurisdiction over township roads, but lacks the money to fix the problem. Michigan DOT spends $154 per capita vs Pennsylvania spend of $530 per capita which costs Michigan residents $865 vs $377 per capita nationally!

Voters Wisely Flush Patrick Colbeck, Jeff Noble, and Joe Barone in 2018!

Thank goodness! Voters decided to wisely flush Patrick Colbeck, Jeff Noble, and Joe Barone in 2018 to ensure that in 2019 the community receives protection of the Health, Safety, and Welfare of babies, young children, students, families, nursing and pregnant mothers, retired and elderly at the many local assisted care living and rehabilitation facilities, our most vulnerable populations, from toxic effects of lead pollution from 100LL aviation fuel used by aircraft, and helicopters at Plymouth-Canton Mettetal 1d2 airstrip. BTW: NONE of the three have children or grandchildren in the Plymouth Canton Community Schools (PCCS) System.

Representative Jeff Noble has done absolutely nothing to protect the PCCS Schools & Canton Plymouth Community when first notified in April 2017 while saying that he would pursue EPA Lead Tests in January 2018. Ok, Representative Jeff Noble what’s taking so long to protect the community and why haven’t YOU done something, anything thus far? The old web sites are gone, but the damage is done: www.votejeffnoble.com and OurJefNoble.com! Representative Jeff Noble is on the House Families, Children, and Seniors Committee, House Health Policy Committee, and the Transportation and Infrastructure Committee.

It’s time to start asking the committees that Representative Jeff Noble is on just what actions Representative Jeff Noble has taken to protect  the Health, Safety, and Welfare of babies, young children, students, families, nursing & pregnant mothers, retired & elderly at the many local assisted care living & rehabilitation facilities from Lead poisoning by aircraft & helicopters using 100LL Leaded Aviation Fuel at Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 airstrip & Helicopter MRO MI79?

Is this really how Representative Jeff Noble “Makes protecting Michigan’s Children a top Priority?”

Senator Patrick Colbeck when told about the Lead Poisoning by aircraft & helicopters using 100LL Leaded Aviation Fuel at Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 airstrip & Helicopter MRO MI79 simply replied “Hey wait a minute, I’m a pilot” and the conversation ended. After repeated calls over several months to Penny Crider, his District Manager, she stated that “Senator Colbeck is waiting for an EPA determination!”

Gee whiz, we can thank Senator Patrick Colbeck for his legacy contribution, that is knowingly remaining silent (acquiesce), to 8 years of lead poisoning of our schools and community. BTW: lead poisoning from 100LL leaded aviation fuel is common knowledge and is well known in the aviation industry for over a decade. It’s pretty clear that we can add “Community Health Malpractice” to the list of reasons why there’s really No place for Senator Patrick Colbeck in Michigan’s future!

The web sites “Patrick Colbeck for Governor” or “Colbeckforgovernor.com” are gone but you can’t still ask why he didn’t do anything about lead poisoning at Principled Solutions for Michigan. Why did a self proclaimed Aerospace Engineer, do absolutely nothing to protect  the Health, Safety, and Welfare of babies, young children, students, families, nursing & pregnant mothers, retired & elderly at the many local assisted care living & rehabilitation facilities from Lead Poisoning by aircraft & helicopters using 100LL Leaded Aviation Fuel at Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 airstrip & Helicopter MRO MI79?

After meeting with Wayne County Commissioner District 10 Joe Barone for the first time, when asked he stated that his children attended private schools and NOT Plymouth Canton Community Schools (PCCS), the conversation was technically over at that point and ended quickly. Many calls later Wayne County Commissioner District 10 Joe Barone failed to respond in any fashion re any interest in lead poisoning of schools and the community, period.

A brief recap:

Collectively, taxpayers, and the Plymouth Canton Community School System (PCCS) can thank all three of you for your combined and continued efforts to knowingly remaining silent (acquiesce) adding to the “Community Health Malpractice & Negligence” for failing to do anything to protect the Health, Safety, and Welfare of babies, young children, Plymouth Canton Community School System (PCCS) students, families, nursing and pregnant mothers, retired and elderly at the many local assisted care living and rehabilitation facilities, our most vulnerable populations, from toxic effects of lead pollution from 100LL aviation fuel used by aircraft, and helicopters at Plymouth-Canton Mettetal 1d2 airstrip.

Patrick, Joe, Jeff – there is still some time, no matter how brief, left in 2018 for some miracle to occur. So if there’s been a grievous mistake and any of you did or do decide to take some, or any action at all, even while finishing your terms as lame lame ducks, to protect the PCCS schools and community from lead poisoning, please send an email and the facts will be updated accordingly!

It’s 2019, and There Was No Response From These Three Clowns!

It appears that nobody, especially MDOT, seems to care about protecting the Health, Safety, & Welfare of vulnerable populations from leaded aviation fuel used at Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 airstrip? I guess that the community has to wait and see exactly what the newly elected officials State of Michigan class of 2019 does?

No elected officials (politicians) or any public officials have made any statement about protecting the Health, Safety, & Welfare of vulnerable populations to date!

MDOT sent a lame excuse ridden  MDOT May 9, 2019 Response, more on this later as it relates to yet another Leaded 100LL Aviation Fuel Lead poisoning coverup, SEE: 1 million Michigan Child BLLs Show MDOT Lead Poisoning Coverup.

2020: Time for new Canton Township Leadership, & to Flush Three More Stooges!

2020 is the time for Knowledgeable, Responsible, and Accountable Canton Township Leadership from someone like Ann-Marie Graham-Hudak [Canton] [Canton] [Crains] [Crains] [PlymouthVoice] [Ford Facebook]. Canton Township needs a respected Leader that will stand up for our Community and actively promote and protect the Health, Safety, and Welfare of our most vulnerable populations including many nearby school children, babies, adolescents, families, nursing & pregnant mothers, retired & elderly at the many local assisted care living & rehabilitation facilities from Lead Poisoning from Leaded 100LL Aviation Fuel used at Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 airstrip!

2020 is also the time to flush three more stooges, clowns, and blowhards not to mention self-proclaimed Lead Poisoning experts: Williams [Canton] [Canton], Siegrist [Canton], and Anthony [Canton]! The Community cannot afford to let these three almost comedic bozos to continue to schlep around and drag our community and its community health and reputation down with their combined and continued efforts to knowingly remaining silent (acquiesce) adding to sum of the Community Health Malpractice & Negligence.

Take Action to Protect PCCS Schools & Canton Plymouth Community from Lead Poisoning from State Owned Hobby, Sport, Recreational 1d2 Canton Plymouth Mettetal Airstrip

The only way to protect the community from lead poisoning from 100LL leaded aviation fuel is to demand the shutdown of:

State of Michigan Owned
Hobby, Sport, Recreational only
Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 airstrip
CANTON, MI 48187
Private Executive Heliport,
Helicopter Sales/Demo Office, &
Industrial Helicopter MRO MI79
CANTON, MI 48187


The community must make as many calls, send as many emails as you can, to as many recipients on the Contacts page as possible to demand closure of the State of Michigan Owned Hobby, Sport, Recreational Canton Plymouth Mettetal 1d2 airstrip and Private Executive Heliport, Helicopter Sales/Demo Office, & Industrial Helicopter MRO MI79, only then will our Elected Officials and State of Michigan departments react!

While financial considerations are secondary to protecting Health, Safety, & Welfare of vulnerable populations, there is a also mandatory requirement to reorganize MDOT to remove the stranglehold of the MDOT bureaucracy on infrastructure essential to the Future of Michigan and place control back in the hands of Taxpayers and their elected officials!

The Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOTBureaucracy, as with all public servants, must abide by the highest standards of the State of Michigan (SoM) set forth by Governor Whitmer [PressRelease] [html] [pdf] [Ethics] and be held accountable for knowingly remaining silent (acquiesce) while contributing to the sum of Community Health, Safety, & Welfare negligence & malpractice, financial waste, misuse of taxpayer funds and the consequences of public funding abuse (html)!

See Lead Poisoning page for more detailed supporting information.
See UPDATE: April May – PCCS Schools Still Being Covered with 1d2 Lead Dust for additional supporting information.

Lead Poisoning of Canton Plymouth Community Continues Unabated!

It’s time to take back our community! All across the country people are realizing that old airstrips like 1d2 Canton-Plymouth Mettetal that start out in a rural area and are now embedded in densely populated neighborhoods are a thing of the past. The eventual closure of 1d2 is just a matter of time based on many factors affecting the community.

1d2 Canton-Plymouth Mettetal is a serious community health concern as a major source of  highly toxic lead pollution, is unsafe and very dangerous, a hostile, unfriendly environment to anyone outside of the 1d2 clique, was never required or needed, is still not and never has been economically viable, is a huge tax burden, and is a real, concrete  deterrent to education, business, and technology progress & development locally.

1d2 is a complete duplication of three very close, much better equipped, and more appropriate airport/runway facilities. 1d2 is a complete frivolous waste of taxpayers hard earned time and money! 1d2 has been a focal point of continual dissension since the ’70s. Now is the time to take action and #DT1D2A “Drain the 1d2 Airstrip” and as a community come to our senses and finally close 1D2 once and for all!

1d2 is strictly a personal hobby, recreational, sport venue airstrip, there are no other jobs other than third party management company jobs minimally cleaning the 1d2 facilities, lawn cutting, and snow plowing. There is no economically viable business that is dependent on this location. 1d2 has no local relevance, has no regional relevance, and has never been considered critical infrastructure to anyone except MDOT employees.

1d2 is a 25 year old State of Michigan owned dilapidated, worn out, failed experiment on “taxpayer life support” and taxpayers are sick and tired of paying for the convenience of several dozen hangar renters, and a couple minor business concerns headquartered in other communities taking advantage of taxpayers via State and Federal handouts. There is NO tangible or demonstrable reason to the majority (99.97%) of the taxpayers in local communities, surrounding counties, or of the entire State of Michigan, that they can see to pay for 1d2 to be there at all!

There are 22 airports within 50 miles of 1d2 that receive 51.4% of the total MDOT/FAA NPIAS 2017-2021 budget for the entire State of Michigan. This amounts to $365,600,480.00 out of $714,881,838.00. With rapidly decreasing personal pilot/aircraft numbers and shrinking demographics, the surrounding 22 airports can easily absorb any and all activities from 1d2.

Not surprisingly, 1D2 is operated by a third party management company that does NOT appear to be beholden, accountable, or controllable by the State of Michigan, MDOT, or the FAA.

But, firstly, the major challenge is to help the most vulnerable and defenseless, our children. We need to protect & defend them from the devastating effects and impact from continuous toxic lead poisoning right here in our own backyard at 1d2. This is described in detail in the section on lead poisoning via piston engine aircraft using 100LL leaded gasoline at 1d2. BTW this includes piston engine helicopters, which are without question some of the largest toxic lead emitters based on their highly inefficient operation and huge fuel consumption.

Secondly, the additional major goals of this web site to close 1d2 are to:

  • Share – knowledge, information, and skills regarding contacts, laws, regulations, processes, procedures, gleaned from the collective experience of everyone of our volunteers, stakeholders, and the community so everyone can be accurately informed, completely up to date, and learn how, where, and who to report 1d2 complaints and problems to. Lets all get on the same page!
  • Unite – all stakeholders, including families, neighborhood homeowner associations (HOAs), schools, the ACLU of Michigan, universities, colleges, churches, hospitals, government agencies,  businesses, and all interested parties that want to save the larger community from continued 1d2 lead poisoning  and prolonged damage.
  •  Protect & Defend – our children, families, and the community, whether it’s Canton, Plymouth, or the whole tri-county area, including Westland, Northville, Novi, Livonia, and surrounding areasWe are all ONE community in unity against 1d2 lead poisoning!
  • Gather –  all feedback and pay it forward. Especially from people that have complained repeatedly over the years and have not heard or seen any consistent visible or tangible results or that have been subjected to 1d2 arrogance, hostility, harassment, or discrimination, whether in person, in the skies above our homes, or online. 1d2 complaints have been completely ignored, discarded, never recorded anywhere, and reported to no one so no historical records exist. Everyone we talk to feels  that there is a lot of relevant feedback just waiting out there.  Up to now nobody could find a suitable responsible party, or more accurately anywhere to report complaints to. Please help or contribute anyway that you can as this effort requires as much  community feedback and participation as possible to finish the job at hand!
  • Promote – a healthier, safer, community and properly utilize the full 63 acres of property at 1d2  for the mutual benefit of everyone not just commercial and special interests and a privileged few. Let’s use everyone’s time and efforts to convert the 1d2 nightmare into something useful for all to generate high tech jobs, tax revenues, and a new vibrant community “green space” together as a community family and team.
  • Donate – please volunteer any time and/or donate resources via Paypal to support a joint community effort to close 1d2 that will make a real impact for our children. While the costs are low, there are still costs nonetheless. All donations over and beyond the actual costs plus a small operating reserve will be provided to Canton Township to support student scholarships, provide assistance for battered and abused women via National Domestic Violence HOTLINE, help service members via the USO, or help fund the Yankee Air Museum (Yes! we are proud as some of our fathers helped build Willow Run!) as the Township Supervisor sees fit. Thank you so much to everyone for the generous donations that have helped thus far, it is greatly appreciated!

Also available at:

http://closemettetal.org describes mettetal airport at 8550 North Lilley Road, Canton Michigan, 48187

keywords and local features impacted by lead poisoning and safety issues at “1d2”: the recognized “airport code” for 1d2 Canton-Plymouth Mettetal airport in Canton Township, Michigan, and Plymouth, Michigan is “1d2” and will used throughout the web site for brevity. PCCS is abbreviation for Plymouth Canton Community Schools. June 18, 2017, annual father’s day pancake breakfast fly-in at 1d2 canton-plymouth mettetal airport, regarding lead poisoning, lead exposure, Tonquish Creek, flying Lessons, Mettetal Airport History, Mettetal Airport Open House, Willow Creek, Shuart Drain, Sheldon Road Wetlands, Huron-Clinton Metroparks, Lower River Rouge Recreational Trail, Morton Taylor Mountain Bike Trail, Lower River Rouge Trailhead, Environmental Toxicity, environmental disaster, Canton Township, Michigan Trail System Overview, airport near canton mi, flying club, airwave, aero, landing at canton-plymouth mettetal (1d2), aviation, 8550 North Lilley Road, Canton Michigan, 48187, Airport & FBO info, parking info, drone no-fly zone, aircraft charter, photos, weather, MDOT, Michigan Department of Transportation, helicopter charter. 26th Annual Canton Township Michigan Liberty Fest at Heritage Park, Thursday June 15 thru Saturday June 17, 2017, behind the Canton Administration Building and the Canton Public Library, just west of Canton Center Road between Cherry Hill and Summit Parkway, 46000 Summit Parkway Canton, MI 48188. Wetlands environmental impact, Father’s Day Pancake Breakfast at Mettetal Airport in Canton, Plymouth – Canton-Plymouth Mettetal Airport fun place to fly, Mettetal airport flying lessons, flight school, flight instruction, Plymouth Canton Mettetal airport. University of Michigan Mcity, American Center for Mobility at Willow Run, focus on autonomous vehicle technology and other high technology companies. Plymouth Michigan art in the park, Old Village Restaurant Crawl, a Taste of Plymouth, Friday Night Music in the Park, historic Plymouth’s main street, Kellogg Park, Kellogg Fountain, city of Plymouth Michigan 150th birthday, 150th anniversary, Plymouth Community Band, Plymouth Downtown Development Authority, Plymouth Historical Museum, Plymouth-based Michigan Philharmonic orchestra, Kiwanis Club, the Plymouth Historical Museum, the Penn Theatre, Penn Theater, Plymouth Recreation & Arts Complex, the Plymouth DDA, the city of Plymouth Michigan, the Plymouth Community Chamber of Commerce, the Plymouth District Library and the Old Village Association,  http://www.plymouthmich.org or http://www.downtownplymouth.org, Mayflower condominium, historic Plymouth, Dr. Mona Hanna-Attisha. Plymouth 150th Anniversary Celebration with a Fourth of July parade and an ice cream social, annual ice festival, Daisy Air Rifle factory. Michigan’s second largest art fair, Canton “grub crawl”. Plymouth Old Village Restaurant Crawl, Annual Plymouth Fall Festival, Mettetal Airport picnic. The Starkweather Lofts, situated between the city’s historic Old Village area and Hines Park. Plymouth International Ice Sculpture Festival.  Plymouth Ice Festival – Plymouth Rocks! – Plymouth Michigan – Presented by the Plymouth Chamber of Commerce – Great things to do in Plymouth Michigan – http://www.plymouthmich.org/Plymouth-Ice-Festival_ET908S34.html. An experimental “flying car” aircraft crashed on Friday during a test run at Willow Run (YIP) Airport, injuring the male pilot and prompting an FAA investigation Friday December 16, 2018. The Experimental Amateur Built (E-AB) N112SD flying car was built at Canton Plymouth Mettetal (1d2) airport, the FAA is investigating further. The experimental flying car unexpectedly goes airborne, and crashes at Willow Run. Somehow, the plane took flight and then crashed. The owner/pilot was the only person on the aircraft. He was taken to the University of Michigan Hospital by paramedics. City of Plymouth Wins 4-Star Rating for Economic Development. Shopping Near Me | You’ll Find it on Ford Rd in Canton MI https://www.shopcanton.org/, Concours d’Elegance 2019 coming to Plymouth Township, Michigan.